In Canada a wide range of items are protected by copyright. Including: books, articles, photos, manuals, graphics, CD's, DVD's, films, software, databases and websites, even emails. Copyright usually resides with the creator in most works for 50 years after the death of the creator. Copyright can be assigned to another person/organization to be the rights holder for a work. An example would be a publisher.
Copyright is the right to copy.
Copyright automatically applies to all original works.
Copyright belongs to the creator of the work.
Copyright can be assigned: For example an author reassigns the rights to a publisher.
The Canadian Intellectual Property Office has a short video on "What is a Copyright".
Copyright consists of a set of rights set out in the Copyright Act. The creator of literary and artistic works has economic and moral rights. These rights enable the creator to:
Control the publication and reproduction of their works
Receive payment, if they wish; and
The moral rights protects the integrity of their works.
Users of copyrighted works have rights specified within the Copyright Act. These include the:
Expiry of copyright (public domain)
Fair dealing exceptions
Permission to use copyrighted works may be needed unless the work is in the Public Domain, or the proposed use of the work falls under Fair Dealing. Bow Valley College has many licensing agreements in place to cover the use of various works. For more information on the licensing agreements, please contact the Copyright Office.
Copyright exists for most works (in Canada) in for 50 years after the year in which the creator dies. Then it enters the public domain. At that time the work can be used without asking for permission. Full citations are still needed.
Fair dealing exception
The Copyright Act provides limited rights to be able to use works in certain ways. Bow Valley College uses the Fair Dealing Guidelines created by Colleges and Institutes Canada.
Copyright permission is required for:
Works created by someone who does not work for the College.
Works not covered by any existing license held by the College.