The Fair dealing exception is a user’s right in the Copyright Act. It lets you use a copyright-protected work without permission or payment of copyright royalties. Provided your use is "Fair". It must be for the purpose of research, private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, satire or parody. Whether something is "fair" will depend on the circumstances. Courts will consider factors such as:
a. the purpose of the dealing (Is it commercial or research / educational?)
b. the amount of the dealing (How much was copied?)
c. the character of the dealing (What was done with the work? Was it an isolated use or an ongoing, repetitive use? How widely was it distributed?)
d. alternatives to the dealing (Was the work necessary for the end result? Could the purpose have been achieved without using the work?)
e. the nature of the work (Is there a public interest in its dissemination? Was it previously unpublished?)
f. the effect of the dealing on the original work (Does the use compete with the market of the original work?)
It is not necessary that your use meet every one of these factors to be fair. No one factor is a deciding factor by itself. In assessing whether your use is fair, a court would look at the factors as a whole to determine if, your use is fair. For more information, see our Fair Dealing Guidelines . The Copyright Evaluator is an online tool that can help you apply fair dealing.